Tag Archives: past perfect

Practicing the Verb Tenses

Studying verb tenses and American accent with Sharon.  It's a very hot day in the Philippines, but learning English is cool!
Studying verb tenses and American accent with Sharon. It’s a very hot day in the Philippines, but learning English is cool!

I am having my third session with my English teacher, Chris Delacruz.  Today, we practiced the verb tenses: past tense.

PAST TENSE

Simple: +d, +ed, +ied, irregular
Example: baked, walked, studied, ate
Exercise: Tell me about your weekend

Last weekend, I was so busy because I prepared a lot for my immigration to Canada.  I had many visitors at my house.  My brother and sisters stayed at my house for their vacation and will stay until my husband arrives from Canada.  That is why every weekend busy.  On Saturday, I woke up at about 7 in the morning.  I prepared breakfast for my kids and my visitors.  After I cooked breakfast, I called them to join me in the kitchen at our dining table.  We had fried eggs, fried hot dogs, fried tilapia, and of course rice and coffee.

When we finished eating, I gave my kids a bath, and I took a bath as well after them.  Then I went to the market by myself while my sister looked after my kids and her own kids and while my brother, who is a police officer, prepared to go to work.  I bought groceries that would last as the next few days, such as sugar, coffee, vegetables, meat, and fish.  After buying the groceries, I went home, and I placed my groceries in the refrigerator.  Then I prepared pork sinigang, a sour-based soup with vegetables, for lunch while my sister was helping me to take care of the children.

Past Progressive: was/were + verb-ing
Example: was eating, were eatingExercise: Tell me about last night.

We had dinner at about 8 p.m. last night.  I started preparing dinner, dalagang bukid with sarsiado sauce, steamed fished in tomato based sauce, at about 7 p.m.  While I was preparing, my mother arrived from a three-hour trip from my home province of Nueva Ecija.  She was traveling on the bus when I was shopping for groceries for dinner at the market.  I was very happy to see her, but she will stay only until after Holy Week.  We were talking last night about my migration to Canada, and I know that she was very happy for me.  She had always wanted the best for me.  While we were talking, my children were watching TV and playing with their tablets, and my sister was preparing the bed.

I wastalking to my mother for an hour or so until my sister joined us.  The three of us were all reminiscing the past, and it brought happy tears to my mother.  I will miss my sister, brother, and especially my mother very much, but I know I will visit them in about a year.  Last night, we were all laughing about my stay in the province when I visited them.  Every time I was cooking for the family, they told me I was very talkative.  I told them I just wanted all the ingredients to be prepared perfectly so that it would taste delicious.

Past Perfect: had + past participle
Example: had eaten, had walked, had sung
Exercise: Tell me about your last trip.

My last trip was in my home province Nueva Ecija when I visited my family and relatives.  I had bought (buy-bought-bought) a lot of pasalubong or gifts a few days before I traveled with my children there.  When I bought the gifts, I had gone (go-went-gone) to several markets and malls.  I had searched and searched (search-searched-searched) for different gift items until I found the perfect ones for my mother and relatives.  When I had found (find-found-found) the items, I was very happy because I was very tired already.

I had had (have-had-had) several bus stops before I reached my home town of San Antonio near Cabanatuan City.  I had had (have-had-had) several snacks from different towns because of these bus stops.  Before I reached my hometown, I had seen (see-saw-seen) the beautiful rice fields and mountains in the distance, while looking through the glass window.  While enjoying the sometimes bumpy ride, I had imagined (imagine-imagined-imagined) my childhood days, and how I will soon leave this beautiful province.  When I finally got to my home town, I had realized (realize-realized-realized) that I will always miss and never forget this place, my home town, San Antonio.

Past Perfect Progressive: had + been + verb-ing
Example: had been eating, had been talking
Exercise: Tell me about this morning.

This morning, I woke up at about 7 a.m..  I had been preparing breakfast when my children woke up and walked into the kitchen.  We had a good breakfast, and I had been talking about my husband when one of my kids told me how much he missed him.  My children had been missing their father since he went back to Canada last year.  I, too, miss him a lot, but I need to show to my children that I am strong, and that we will be together soon.  I had been planning for my husband’s vacation in May of this year, and we are all excited.  We had been eating breakfast when my mother and niece joined us.  They woke up a little later than us.

While we were practicing past tenses, my teacher noticed several accent errors common to Filipinos.  I know that I need to practice them over and over in order for me to improve.

ADDITIONAL PRACTICE FOR AMERICAN ACCENT

When I talk to my husband, I will ask him to practice with me.  I know I can say these phrases slowly, but my assignment is to do it naturally, that is, faster and without thinking about it.  This should be fun because I am doing it with my husband.

  1. F/P – I prepared breakfast for five people.
  2. F/P – Perfect Philippines.
  3. F/P – I’m a Filipino from the Philippines.
  4. V/B – Beaver Vibration
  5. V/B/F/Sh – Five Feverish Vibes
  6. TH – Bath, wrath, Cathy.  I gave Cathy a bath.
  7. SH/F/V – Wash, Fish.  I washed the fish five times.

 

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Migrating to Canada and Improving my English – Verb Tense – Past Tense

Migrating to Canada and Improving my English
by Sharon Regalado

Sharon is a student at the American Institute for English Proficiency.  She is preparing for her migration to Canada, and she wants to improve her English and communication skills first.
Sharon is a student at the American Institute for English Proficiency. She is preparing for her migration to Canada, and she wants to improve her English and communication skills first.

Hello everyone.  I am Sharon, and I am studying at the American Institute for English Proficiency because I am going to migrate to Canada very soon.  My husband has already been living there for five years, and my papers will soon be completed this year.  After five long years of having a long distance marriage, I am so excited to finally join him.  My two kids can’t wait to see their father as well.

But before we go to Canada, my husband told me that I needed to improve my English and communication skills because he wants to make sure that we will adjust more easily and quickly to the environment there.  I can easily adapt to things, but English is one of the things I don’t do so well.  Now that I am studying at The American Institute, I feel a little more confident day by day.

I am writing here on my teacher’s blog as part of my assignments to improve my English and communication skills.  I will be practicing my sentence structures, subject-verb agreement, and verb tenses.

Verb Tenses
Click on image to enlarge.

First, I will focus on my verb tenses, especially the past tense, because during class, I had difficulty being in the right tense.  When I talked about an event in the past, I always switched to the present tense.  You may wonder why my writing is like this, but of course, my teacher has already corrected this.

So on to the past tense.  I need to make sure that when I describe something in the past, I am writing in the past tense.  My teacher, Chris Delacruz, taught me that there are four past tenses: simple, progressive, perfect, and perfect progressive.  Here’s a quick explanation of the four past tenses:

Simple: Verb +d (baked), +ed (cooked), +ied (studied), irregular (ate)

  • I baked a cake with my kids yesterday.
  • I cooked pakbet for lunch, and my kids loved it.
  • I studied my English lessons, especially the verb tenses.
  • I ate with my kids at the mall.

According to my teacher, the simple past tense is used to describe an event that happened in the past.  It is used to generally describe a completed event or situation.

Progressive: was/were + verb + ing (was/were eating)

  • I was eating when you called me.
  • They were eating when I called them.

According to my teacher, the past progressive tense is used to describe an event that started in the past and continued.  It was ongoing.  The action was moving.  It was not completed yet.  In Filipino, we say, “tuloy, tuloy.”

Perfect: had + past participle (had eaten)

  • I had eaten my breakfast before I went to school.
  • I had eaten my breakfast with my kids at 8 a.m. before I went to school at 9 a.m..
  • I went to school at 9 a.m. after I had eaten my breakfast with my kids at 8 a.m..
  • After I had eaten my breakfast with my kids at 8 a.m., I went to school at 9 a.m..

According to my teacher, the past perfect tense is used when we have at least two events or situations that were completed in the past.  For example, in this case, “eat breakfast” and “go to school.”  So instead of saying it with two simple past tenses like, “I ate breakfast.  Then I went to school,” we can also use the past perfect form like, “I had eaten breakfast before I went to school.”  This would make the speaker sound more sophisticated.

In Filipino, the past perfect tense is equivalent to “naka,” as in “Nakapagluto ako ng tanghalian bago ako pumunta sa eskwelahan.”  I had cooked lunch before I went to school.

Perfect Progressive: had + been + verb + ing (had been eating)

  • I had been eating when you called.
  • My kids had been watching TV when I talked to my husband.
  • They had been listening to the teacher when it started to rain outside.
  • I had been cooking lunch when doorbell rang.

According to my teacher, it is similar to the past perfect form, except that the first event or situation is still ongoing when the second event happened.  The activity is still moving when the second event completed.

My assignment is to write more examples in the comment section of this article.  My teacher will be monitoring my progress here.  Please feel free to practice here with me, so that we can learn from each other.  I am still learning, and I know that I have a lot to learn.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Sharon is a student at the American Institute for English Proficiency.  She is migrating to Canada, and she would like to improve her English and communication skills first before going.